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ASA American Association of Anesthesiologists
ANOVA Analysis of variance
BPI Brief Pain Inventory
CPTP Chronic post-thoracotomy pain
CeT Effect compartment concentration
EA Epidural anaesthesia
FEF Forced expiratory flow
FEFR Forced expiratory flow rate
FEV1 Forced expiratory volume in 1 sec
FVC Forced vital capacity
GoR Grade of recommendation
HR Heart rate
h Hour(s)
IQR Interquartile range
IM Intramuscular
Intraop Intraoperative
IT Intrathecal
ITO Intrathecal opioid
IV Intravenous
iPCA Intravenous patient controlled analgesia
LoE Level of evidence
LA Local anaesthetic
LVRS Lung volume reduction surgery
MAP Mean arterial pressure
MEFR Mid-expiratory flow rate
NSAIDs Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
NRS Numerical rating scale
PaCO2 Partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide
PaO2 Partial pressure of arterial oxygen
PSS Patient satisfaction score
PCA Patient-controlled analgesia